1. Language Acquisition
2. Language Learning
3. The different between learning and acquisition
- Acquisition means acquire a new words/ sentences / language unconsciously. Kids acquire the language without taught other / teacher, the find new term which use others even it not taught. For instance a kids hear a new sentences like command sentence e.g : “erase the white board”, a teacher never teach the command only ask the student, whereas the students hear, use, and remember it means the student acquire the language. It is not only applied to kids but also adults.
- Language learning means learn a language consciously have done by learners. The learners can use the language after they teaches the language.
- Some of theory explain that children acquire the language while adult only can learn language.
- In error correction : in acquisition has no effect on subconscious, usually parent will correct child mistake in small portion like on pronunciation, verb, and dirty words. This correction does influence greatly. but it will be useful for conscious learning. Because error correction will help learner understand the rule or form.
4. Some method of Language Learning
- Direct method is kind of language learning method, in this method learner and native speaker must meet.
- ALM method: Audio Lingual Method or Army method is a method to learning language by heard a recorder of certain language. It is called as Army method because it is the first time used by US army to learn Vietnam language in short time, but this failed because there was a number of words/ vocabularies which not available in the recording.
- CA (Contractive Analysis) tried to find similarity and different of language teaching. Only the different in certain word, sentences, phrase which different from Indonesian who teaches. If it similar not need to be taught because the learners have understood.
- Error is part or process of learning. Students don’t understand after do a mistake / error to be understand. Don’t concern in students error. An error in language learning called as Inter-language.
There are a number of teaching learning method. There are no which the best. Each method has their advantage, the teachers may combine 2 or more method to students appropriately.